If one commits the act of sodomy with a cow, an ewe, or a camel, their urine and their excrements become impure, and even their milk may no longer be consumed. The animal must then be killed and as quickly as possible and burned. Eleven things are impure: urine, excrement, sperm Then he passed by the women and said, "O women!
Give alms, as I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-fire were you women. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you.
Islam and the Future of Tolerance: A Dialogue by Sam Harris
A cautious sensible man could be led astray by some of you. What is deficient in our intelligence and religion? He said, "This is the deficiency in her intelligence. Isn't it true that a woman can neither pray nor fast during her menses? He said, "This is the deficiency in her religion. Sahih Bukhari , Volume 1, Book 6, Number They are to cohabit with demure virgins They're to lie face to face on jewelled couches, and be serviced by immortal youths We created the houris [dancing girls] and made them virgins, carnal playmates for those on the right hand We are going to wed them to dark-eyed houris.
Each Muslim man, in exchange for a lifetime of mindless obedience, was to be rewarded after death with an unspecified number of pretty boys to bugger, plus eight heavenly houris, each more phallus-raising than the others and each endowed with the capacity to grow a new hymen after each bout of sexual recreation. The male chauvinist Muslim could thus satisfy his virginity fetish by deflowering them over and over again, for eternity.
When one compares Mohammed's gardens of delight with the Christian heaven of harps and celibacy, it becomes apparent why significant numbers of Christian men turn Muslim while conversions the other way are almost non-existent. The thought of an old man becoming aroused by a child is one of the most disturbing thoughts that makes us cringe as it reminds us of pedophilia and the most despicable people. He was then, 54 years old. Ali Sina.
In , Islamic assassins had gunned down my good and brave friend Farag Foda, a professor and columnist, a human-rights activist, and an outspoken critic of the Islamic militants. The murder had shocked Cairo and terrified intellectuals Egypt's most popular preacher, Abdel Hamid Kishk, a blind sheikh who constantly attacked both the government and its official religious establishment Some of the ulema, the religious scholars at al-Azhar University, the governments seat of Islamic learning, had disagreed.
Yes, they said, men in paradise would have erections, but merely protracted, not perpetual. Other experts disputed the possibility of pederasty in paradise. It is perhaps the most cruel and violent system of human life and social organization which has so far been invented, and it came to the world from those populations once only living in the desert "dead heart of Arabia", but now lording over gigantic sums of oil-wealth, and spreading their vile doctrines all around the world. Some of the parchment pages in the Yemeni hoard seemed to date back to the seventh and eighth centuries A.
Such aberrations, though not surprising to textual historians, are troublingly at odds with the orthodox Muslim belief that the Koran as it has reached us today is quite simply the perfect, timeless, and unchanging Word of God What the Yemeni Korans seems to suggest, Puin began to feel, was an evolving text rather than simply the Word of God as revealed in its entirety to the Prophet Muhammad in the seventh century A. They like to quote the textual work that shows the Bible has a history and did not fall straight out of the sky, but until now the Koran has been out of this discussion.
The only way to break through this wall is to prove that the Koran has a history too. The impact of the Yemeni manuscripts is still to be felt. Their variant readings and verse orders are all very significant. Everybody agrees on that.
The Roots of Muslim Rage
These manuscripts say that the early history of the Koranic texts is much more of an open question than many have suspected: the text was less stable, and therefore had less authority, than has always been claimed. To historicize the Koran would in effect delegitimize the whole historical experience of the Muslim community. The Koran is the charter for the community, the document that called it into existence. And ideally though obviously not always in reality Islamic history has been the effort to pursue and work out the commandments of the Koran in human life.
If the Koran is a historical document, then the whole Islamic struggle of fourteen centuries is effectively meaningless. There is no hard evidence for the existence of the Koran in any form before the last decade of the seventh century. My idea is that the Koran is a kind of cocktail of texts that were not all understood even at the time of Muhammad. Many of them may even be a hundred years older than Islam itself. Even within Islamic traditions there is a huge body of contradictory information, including a significant Christian substrate; one can derive a whole Islamic anti-history from them if one wants.
Like Buddha, Confucius, Jesus, and other founders of patriarchal religions, Mohammed lacks real verification. There is no reliable information about his life or teachings.
Most stories about him are as apocryphal as the story that his coffin hangs forever in mid-air "between heaven and earth," like the bodies of ancient sacred kings. The only real source of historical information about pre-Islamic Mecca and the circumstances of the Koran's revelation is the classical Islamic story about the religion's foundation The Koran claims for itself that it is " mubeen ," or clear. But if you look at it, you will notice that every fifth sentence or so simply doesnt make sense. Many Muslims and Orientalists will tell you otherwise, of course, but the fact is that a fifth of the Koranic text is just incomprehensible.
For a long time scholars have considered Islamic origins as basically unproblematic. It seemed fairly straightforward: the founder was a figure of relatively recent history, amply documented, and many of his own writings and sayings survived. What was left seemed ample enough, as did the text of the Koran, the revelation of Allah to Muhammad.
In This Article
Even if one could not confess with Muslims a belief in the divine inspiration actually, dictation of the Koran, one still agreed the text preserved the preachments of Muhammad. The most recent generation of students of Islam, however, have broken with this consensus. Gunter Luling is joined by many in his opinion that Western scholars of Islam and the Koran had simply accepted the official party line of Muslim jurists and theologians regarding the sources for Muhammad and early Islamic history In retrospect one wonders why they balked at this last step!
And the question of the origin of the Koran is no longer "from Allah? And it becomes equally evident that the line between the Koran and the hadith must be erased, for both alike are now seen to be repositories of sayings fictively attributed to the Prophet and transmitted by word of mouth before being codified in canonical written form. Constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of Women are inferior under Islamic law—their testimony in a court of law is worth half that of a man; their movement is strictly restricted; they cannot marry non-Muslims.
Non-Muslims living in Muslim countries also have inferior status under Islamic law; they may not testify against a Muslim. In Saudi Arabia, following a tradition of Muhammad, who said that "two religions cannot exist in the country of Arabia," non-Muslims are forbidden to practice their religion, build houses of worship, possess religious texts, etc.
Non-believers or atheists in Muslim countries do not have "the right to life"; all the major law schools, whether Sunni or Shia, agree that they are to be killed. Muslim doctors of law generally divide sins into great sins and little sins. Of the 17 great sins, unbelief is the greatest, more heinous than murder, theft, adultery, etc.
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Separate yourself from him altogether. Do not accept intercession in his regard. Islamists are attempting to impose Shariah Compliant Finance SCF on Western institutions to use our own financial strengths against us. The most serious problem with SCF is that it legitimates and institutionalizes Shariah law i. This willful blindness, and lack of both transparency and due diligence may cause SCF to be the next sub-prime crisis, but this time with deadly consequences.
Legal Risks: Western financial institutions which adopt SCF may have criminal and civil exposure to claims of aiding and abetting sedition and the material support of terrorism, securities fraud, consumer fraud, racketeering, and antitrust violations, as well as exposure to tort claims for sedition and terrorism, and for the violation of internationally recognized norms of the law of nations. Christopher Holton, Shariah Finance Watch. But who cares about that, when there is so much money to be made? As Islam moved onto the world stage, factional struggles over the mantle of religious authenticity and political authority continued, creating a schism that persists even today.
Comprehension Questions: 1 Who was Muhammad, where and when did he live, and what was his message? How did the early Muslim community interact with other faiths? What were the motives for the expansion of empire, and what new challenges did the ummah face in moving beyond the confines of the Arabian peninsula? Teaching Ideas: 1 The Quran: Divide students into groups and have them explore the sacred text by themes God, acts of worship, women, social justice, etc. Webpages and CD recordings can add elements of sight and sound to these projects. Examples of poetry and music from various Muslim cultures can add depth to the presentations.
The Umayyad dynasty with its capital in Damascus restored order and expanded Muslim power, but it also exacerbated internal sectarian divisions. Umayyad power was soon eclipsed by the meteoric rise of Abbasid dynasty which reached its zenith under the rule of Harun al-Rashid From his magnificent capital in Baghdad, the Caliph oversaw a period of unprecedented peace and prosperity. Challenging the political monopoly of the Caliphate, Muslim scholars ulama actively debated the parameters of piety and politics, eventually forming a distinct class.
As the arbiters of religious orthodoxy, the ulama codified a religious law Shariah grounded on the Quran and hadith , the traditions about the Prophet Muhammad.